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Europe/Germany : Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps

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HockeyNut
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26 Jul 2020
09:38:04am
Five year plan

A five-year plan is a common instrument for planning economic activities in central administrative economies. They usually contain allocations of funds and resources as well as specifications for the production and services to be provided. The plans set out many economic variables, including investments, prices and wages.

The People's Republic of China, India and Vietnam still structure their economic planning in five-year plans.

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As an argument for the preparation of plans, among other things, it was stated that market forces do not ensure that resources are distributed among the population as needed. A major criticism of plans is that by preventing competition, they hinder progress, that it is fundamentally impossible to grasp the complexity of an entire economy and plan for years to come.

Goals of the first five-year plan 1951-1955
For each individual branch of industry (e.g. textile industry, chemical industry, electrical engineering) it was precisely determined by what percentage it should increase its production until 1955. Heavy industry was particularly challenged because it was to be increased by as much as 50 percent. The qualification of new workers on a large scale was also necessary for this. In 1955, 7.6 million people were supposed to be employed in the national economy, which would be 890,000 more than in 1950.
In agriculture, the target was 25 percent. Harvesting and animal husbandry should ensure the supply of the population from their own sources. Here too, the specifications were precisely defined. 17 million potatoes were to be harvested in 1955, as well as just under 7 million tons of sugar beet or 7.3 tons of grain and legumes.

The second five-year plan 1956-1960
In the second five-year plan period 1956–1960, practically no long-term orientation of production was lacking, since the plan was only adopted in January 1958 and was already replaced in October 1959 by the (also late adopted) seven-year plan 1959–1965. The main economic task proclaimed with this plan, not only to catch up with western industrial consumption and productivity in most industrial consumer goods and foods, but even to overtake them, had to be abandoned as early as 1961: the overall economic growth rates were of eleven (1959) to four percent (1961). This development was hoped to be stopped by the construction of the Berlin Wall and the associated “trouble-freeing” of the GDR economy. A second seven-year plan, planned for 1964–1970, was not even started after the introduction of the new economic system, and the third five-year plan, which was finally drawn up for 1966–1970, did not come into force until mid-1967. Until then, it was practically exclusively based on annual plans, i.e. worked without reference to a binding, medium-term economic policy strategy.

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HockeyNut
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26 Jul 2020
09:43:32am
re: Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps

The watermarks used in these series of stamps :

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HockeyNut
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26 Jul 2020
09:49:59am
re: Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps

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Serie 1 MNH

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Serie 1 USED All on mass cancellation

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HockeyNut
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26 Jul 2020
09:53:05am
re: Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps

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Serie 2 MNH

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Serie 2 USED All on mass cancellation

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HockeyNut
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26 Jul 2020
09:58:11am
re: Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps

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Serie 3 and 4 MNH


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Serie 3 USED All mass cancelation

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Serie 4 USED All mass cancelation

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HockeyNut
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26 Jul 2020
10:01:23am
re: Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps

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Serie 5 MNH

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Serie 5 USED

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HockeyNut
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26 Jul 2020
10:04:11am
re: Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps

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Serie 6 MNH

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Serie 6 USED

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Calstamp
26 Jul 2020
12:42:21pm
re: Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps


Wonderful posting.

A series that continues to offer collecting challenges.

Would you plz explain the rationale for the overlapping stamps in Series 5.

Thanks in advance.

Jim

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HockeyNut
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27 Jul 2020
03:27:38am
re: Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps

Quote:

"Would you plz explain the rationale for the overlapping stamps in Series 5."



It sometimes happens that after I have investigate stamps for watermark, perforation and other details, it appears that I already had those stamps in my possession.
(so called doubletes)
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jmh67
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28 Jul 2020
03:20:12am
re: Fünf jahre plan briefmarken / Five year plans stamps

It should be mentioned that the first series (offset printing) was reprinted from new plates. These reprints were only sold with mass cancellations and can be indentified by the last "E" in "DEUTSCHE" standing directly over the "A" in "DEMOKRATISCHE", not between "A" and "T". Opinions differ whether these reprints are worth collecting at all, as they were never used postally.

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